ERIC Number: ED231415
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Identification and Placement of College Students in Developmental Education Programs.
Pearse, Carol A.; And Others
In 1981, as part of its implementation of Roueche's model for developmental education, Pima Community College (PCC) initiated its first collegewide assessment and placement program. Faculty in the areas of reading, writing, and mathematics met to establish scores on which recommendations for student course placement would be based. A study was conducted to compare the teacher-recommended cutoff scores with minimum passing scores determined through the use of Dixon and Mood's stochastic approximation method. This model, termed the "Up-and-Down" method, permits the identification of a test score above which half of the examinees will be successful and below which the other half will be unsuccessful. In November 1981 and January 1982, 218 students were tested in reading, 108 in writing, and 44 in algebra. Based on data regarding students' test scores and course grades, the Dixon and Mood model was used to develop cutoff scores. A crosstabulation of cutoff scores and grades revealed the model to be 61% accurate in predicting student success in reading and 62% successful with mathematics students. The teacher-judgement and stochastic procedures yielded different cutoff scores for student placement. The study report includes a discussion of the implementation of the Roueche model at PCC, focusing on its ease of application and clear emphasis on the teacher as the key to success. (Author/LL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Stochastic Approximation Method
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the California Educational Research Association (61st, Sacramento, CA, November 18-19, 1982).