ERIC Number: ED231370
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Design of a Classification Scheme for Fiction Based on an Analysis of Actual User-Librarian Communication, and Use of the Scheme for Control of Librarian's Search Strategies.
Pejtersen, Annelise Mark
Because the general alphabetic arrangement of fiction in libraries is of little use to the ordinary reader, whose criteria for selecting books often relates to book content, a multi-dimensional and inexclusive fiction classification scheme was developed as a model for both book description and search strategy. Based on analysis of 160 actual user-librarian conversations about fiction recorded under everyday library conditions in Danish public libraries in 1973-74, and a further analysis of 134 conversations recorded in 1976, it was found that users' subconscious classification of fiction can be characterized by means of four dominant dimensions: (1) subject matter, including the categories of action and the course of events, psychological development and description, and social relations; (2) type of frame, including time and geographical/social environment frames; (3) author's intention, including provision of an emotional experience or provision of information; and (4) accessibility, which includes readability and physical characteristics of a book. This report describes the development and applications of the prototype classification scheme based on these four dimensions. Appendices present the classification scheme in detail with examples of its classes and subclasses. Also shown are examples of user formulations and genre-terms to illustrate how these criteria are congruent with the various divisions of the scheme. (Author/ESR)
Publication Type: Reference Materials - Vocabularies/Classifications; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Denmark; User Needs
Note: Paper presented at the International Research Forum on Information Science (2nd, Oslo, Norway, August 1977). For related document, see IR 050 245.