ERIC Number: ED231092
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: 0
Higher Education and Employment: The IIEP Experience in Five Less Developed Countries. Fundamentals of Educational Planning 32.
Psacharopoulos, George; Sanyal, Bikas C.
One of a series on educational planning, this booklet reviews the findings of several studies on the employment of university graduates in five developing countries: Egypt, Philippines, Sudan, Tanzania, and Zambia. Data for these studies were collected from samples of students and former graduates. A number of facets of the topic are investigated in each country: socioeconomic framework, educational characteristics, the labor force structure, cost of education, salary structure, role of the public sector, salary expectations, returns to education, unemployment, role of credentials, social demand for higher education, student advice in selecting a career, admission into higher education, admission tests, private finance and the elite, reasons for undertaking higher education, perception of job characteristics, and willingness to work in rural areas. Some specific questions addressed are: What are the main determinants of choice among disciplines and among jobs? How does wage structure vary between sectors of employment and between specializations? What is the degree of mismatch between expectations and realities in respect of the reward system of the labor market? How does unemployment vary from course to course and from level to level? Twenty-four conclusions or recommendations in the form of "hints" are presented. (JM)
Descriptors: Developing Nations, Education Work Relationship, Educational Benefits, Employment Level, Employment Opportunities, Employment Patterns, Employment Qualifications, Employment Statistics, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Labor Market, Salary Wage Differentials, Student Attitudes, Unemployment
IIEP Publications, International Institute for Educational Planning, 7-9 rue Eugene-Delacroix, 75016 Paris, FRANCE (Order No. C.49; Frs. 15.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Swedish International Development Authority (SIDA).
Authoring Institution: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). International Inst. for Educational Planning.
Identifiers: Egypt; Philippines; Sudan; Tanzania; Zambia