ERIC Number: ED231039
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Change Process in Real Life: Tracking Implementation of Effective Schooling Elements in Project SHAL, St. Louis.
Achilles, C. M.; And Others
Project SHAL in St. Louis (Missouri) involved an attempt to reproduce effective schooling elements, as identified by research, in four inner-city schools, including one middle school (Stowe) and three K-5 schools (Hempstead, Arlington, and Laclede). The pilot project required the development of a replication model to track project implementation, assist in replication in other schools, and provide some evaluation guidance. The replication model was based on elements of change and communication theory. Effective schooling research identified key program elements that were the focus of implementation efforts: administrative leadership, school climate, high expectations, commitment to basic skills, and regular and continuous assessment. The presence of these elements designated full implementation. This communication/change matrix was related to moral development stages described by Kohlberg. The SHAL replication model helped educators understand change and track implementation in complex change efforts. It identified communication as the important factor in change and suggested that durable change requires conviction. Figures include a summary of effective schooling elements and the SHAL replication model. Four pages of the project's interim evaluation report are appended. (PB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Saint Louis City School District MO
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Montreal, Quebec, Canada, April 11-15, 1983). Some tables will not reproduce well due to small, broken print.