ERIC Number: ED230934
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The "Pittsburgh Courier" and Black Workers in 1942.
In early 1942, the "Pittsburgh Courier," the largest black newspaper in the United States, began its Double V campaign stressing the right of black workers to have equality at home when blacks were fighting inequality abroad. An examination of the campaign, however, reveals that it was dead by the end of the year, while substantial gains by black workers did not occur until a year or so later. To discover why the newspaper dropped its campaign before it accomplished its goals, an examination was made of its coverage of black worker issues in 1942. The analysis showed that there was a definite shift in the nature of the articles over the year. In the first half of 1942, the federal government and the military were criticized heavily, but the state and municipal governments and private businesses became targets of criticisms in the second half of the year. This allayed fears of the Federal Bureau of Investigation that the "Courier" was possibly seditious, it left no doubt that the publisher of the paper was supporting the winning side as the war fortunes of the United States changed, and it showed the paper's appreciation for the efforts of the Fair Employment Practice Committee to break down discrimination. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Journalism History; Media Role; Pittsburgh Courier
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (66th, Corvallis, OR, August 6-9, 1983).