ERIC Number: ED230862
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-May
Reference Count: 0
The Utility of Vignette Judgment Tasks and Their Relationship to Past Behavioral Data.
Peterson, Lizette; Homer, Andrew
While research examining altruism has relied on subject responses to written vignettes rather than actual altruism-eliciting situations, the relationship between written responses and actual behavior has not been established. To assess the degree to which some classic social/psychological behavior results could be replicated using short, written vignettes, 82 college women responded to 12 vignettes replicating 3 behavioral experiments (Piliavin, 1969, the subway experiment; Berkowitz and Daniel, 1963, recipient dependency and awareness of donor's help; and Austin, 1979, victim and thief). Responses to the vignettes clearly replicated the behavioral studies. Results showed that deserving, ill victims received more help judgments than potentially drunk victims (Piliavin, 1969). Berkowitz and Daniel's 1969 results were similarly replicated, with the interaction of awareness and dependency marginally significant. Finally, Austin's 1979 results were replicated, with woman victim/woman thief receiving more interventions than male victim/male thief. The results indicate that adult responses to written representations of environmental cues are much the same as the responses to actual situations produced in the original research. (JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (54th, Minneapolis, MN, May 6-8, 1982).