ERIC Number: ED230829
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Correlates of Senior Center Utilization.
Krout, John A.
Gerontological research appears to indicate that a relatively small percentage of the elderly population of the United States attends any of the nation's senior centers. In order to identify the correlates of senior center participation for a sample of elderly living in a small urban community, elderly male and female center users (N=97) and non-users (N=125) participated in personal interviews. A difference of means test for the four categories of independent variables (need, predisposing, enabling, and informal suport) indicated significant differences among users and non-users for only one variable in each of the need, enabling, and informal support rubrics. A large number of the predisposing variables showed differences between the two groups. Multivariate analyses, however, indicated that not all these variables distinguished between center users and non-users. Reasons for participation identifired by users included something to do, invitations from friends and relatives, and a desire for company or to make friends. Major reasons for non-involvement were being too busy and lack of interest. These findings appear to support the view that a primary function of a senior center is a social one. The differences in results between the simple and multivariate analyses seem to indicate the need for multivariate data analysis. (AG)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: NRTA-AARP Andrus Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Senior Citizen Centers
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Scientific Meeting of the Gerontological Society (35th, Boston, MA, November 19-23, 1982).