ERIC Number: ED230813
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Role of Technology Education in Third World Development.
Pytlik, Edward C.
Traditional attempts at development--such as sending in food, sending in educators, and then sending in technology from developed countries--have not been very successful in the development of Third World countries since these attempts began in the 1950s and 1960s. At that time, education, especially vocational education, was seen as the great path to economic development for these countries. Later, assessment of educational programs showed that, in many cases, developmental objectives had not been met. Instead, vocational education had tried to impart manual skills to the privileged few, who preferred academic training and unemployment to such "demeaning" tasks, while failing to reach vast numbers of underprivileged people. A better approach may be that of "nonformal education," which focuses on transmission of immediately needed skills, combined with technological training, in the production of immediately useful goods and services. Technological training projects that exemplify this approach include a small scale weavers' project in Botswana, a retraining project for unemployed fishermen in Ghana, and a credit cooperative in Afghanistan. By focusing on practical education, the duo of nonformal education and technological training may also help to reduce illiteracy and thus contribute to true development, the transformation of learning opportunities for the underprivileged by the developed countries. (KC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Third World Education Systems
Note: Paper presented at the American Industrial Arts Association Conference (Milwaukee, WI, April 1983).