ERIC Number: ED230730
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: N/A
Microelectronics and Office Jobs. The Impact of the Chip on Women's Employment.
As labor-saving, efficiency-increasing electronic technology is introduced into offices, jobs held by women will change. Although some jobs may be lost, most job loss will be absorbed by attrition and reduction of waste. Fewer new openings may occur in office jobs, however, especially in a recessionary economy. On the other hand, the jobs that are created may require skills that women do not have, especially mathematical and spatial-relation skills. Other new jobs may be de-skilled, leading to a loss in recognition and pay through specialization and assembly-line techniques; these jobs may dehumanize women in the same way that assembly-line work has sometimes dehumanized their male counterparts. If women are to benefit from the coming job changes, appropriate action will be required now in schools, training establishments, and businesses to encourage women to acquire the broad-based, analytical skills that they will need. Government officials, employers, and trade union leaders each have a role to play, but the central effort must come from working women through their understanding of the issues and participation in the process of change. (KC)
Descriptors: Adults, Automation, Clerical Occupations, Computers, Cost Effectiveness, Educational Needs, Employed Women, Futures (of Society), Job Simplification, Job Skills, Job Training, Labor Utilization, Modernization, Obsolescence, Office Occupations, Productivity, Technological Advancement, Technological Literacy, Unions, Vocational Education
International Labour Office, 1750 New York Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20006 ($10.00).
Publication Type: Books; Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: International Labour Office, Geneva (Switzerland).