ERIC Number: ED230689
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Entering the World of Work: Young Americans and Their Employers. Final Data Base Report No. 4. Technical Report No. 26.
Gottlieb, David; Driscoll, Eleanor
A survey was conducted to determine the attitudes, perceptions, and experiences of employers of low income youth--specifically of youth between the ages of 16 and 21 who had participated in federally funded programs under the Youth Employment and Demonstration Projects Act (YEDPA). Data were obtained in 1981 from the employers of 1,496 disadvantaged youth, most of whom had participated in various career development programs identified by the project staff. The largest type of employer was in the service and retail trades, while public agencies made up the next largest group. The study found that employers insisted upon entrance criteria, such as cognitive skills and personal appearance, but did not measure these skills. At the same time, it was found that most of the low-paying, low-skilled jobs performed by youth did not require the skills that employers expected. Employers were in agreement about areas in which youth needed work preparation. Cited most frequently was an improvement in work-related attitudes and knowledge of proper behavior on the job. These items were cited much more frequently than were needs for improvement in job skills or technical education. Employers also felt that youth lacked an appropriate work ethic and that they were in need of basic educational skills. Young Employees also had higher job turnover and more lateness and absenteeism than older employees. Although employers cited these items as problems, they were not unsympathetic to the fact that the routine, low-level work performed by these youth contributed to the turnover. The employers thought job training should have been provided by public agencies and that there should not have been a different minimum wage for youth. (KC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Office of Youth Programs.
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.
Identifiers: Comprehensive Employment and Training Act; Youth Employment and Demonstration Projects Act