ERIC Number: ED230660
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Identifying High-Ability Disadvantaged Students. Discussion Paper No. 13.
Deschamp, P.; And Others
This report describes a study that explored procedures for identifying high ability children from disadvantaged socioeconomic and ethnic backgrounds. The study constituted the initial phase of the 1980 Priority Exceptional Students' Study, conducted by the Education Department of Western Australia. Focusing on primary school children in the Perth metropolitan area, the initial study (1) identified culturally and socioeconomically disadvantaged students, based on teachers' ratings of home background influences on achievement, and on the pupils' own reports of their backgrounds; (2) identified high ability students based on students' achievement on different tests; and (3) examined issues and approaches in identifying students who were both gifted and disadvantaged. The study considered four alternative approaches for identifying disadvantaged gifted students, according to particular concepts: (1) high achievers in priority schools; (2) high ability underachievers; (3) highest achievers within ethnic groups; and (4) high achieving socioeconomically disadvantaged students. Case profiles of typical students in each category were used in comparing the four approaches. It is suggested that depending on operational definitions and selection criteria used, different types of gifted disadvantaged students will be identified. It was also suggested that nonverbal intelligence tests are limited as criteria for identifying giftedness, and that programs designed for high ability disadvantaged students must have clearly stated purposes and assumptions. (Author/MJL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Western Australia Education Dept., Perth.
Identifiers: Australia (Western Australia); Priority Exceptional Students Study (Australia)