ERIC Number: ED230539
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: 0
Curriculum and Instruction: Theory versus Practice in Selected Public School Settings.
Annarino, Anthony A.
A comparative analysis of theoretical statements and school setting practices in physical education classes revealed gaps between theory and practice. Data were gathered through observation of 123 elementary and secondary school classes, and questionnaires submitted to teachers, administrators, and students. Problems identified as directly or indirectly influencing curriculum, teacher effectiveness, teaching behaviors, and student outcomes included: time and requirement constraints; socioeconomic conditions; lack of administrative and community support; availability of facilities and equipment; teaching load; inadequate preparation time; teacher-coach role conflict; rewards, satisfaction, and reinforcement for teaching; interpersonal relationships; the teacher's image; teacher burnout; disruptive student behavior; and student, administrator, and community apathy. Results indicate that teacher educators must search for new knowledge related to curriculum and instructional theories and develop an awareness and sensitivity for critical problems facing classroom teachers. Tables supply a list of theoretical statements on curriculum and instruction compared with observations of actual school setting practices. (JD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Theory Practice Relationship
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