ERIC Number: ED230456
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Sep-9
Reference Count: 0
Study on the Development of Museums for Improved Integration of the Cultural Heritage into the Education System in French-Speaking African Countries.
Objectives for establishing museums in African countries for the purpose of teaching African history, languages, literature, and art are presented. Section 1 of the report focuses on the museum as a basis for creating an awareness of history, developing cultural individuality, laying groundwork for an endogenous form of development, and serving as part of art and cultural awareness education in the public schools. The African cultural heritage is discussed in terms of monuments, traditional artifacts, modern creations, and works of spiritual inspiration (e.g., dance). The role of the museum is perceived as strengthening national unity in African countries. Section 2 outlines methods for planning and improving the educational services of African museums. Suggestions include immediate integration of the plastic arts into educational systems, training art instructors, and publishing handbooks on art education. Plans for a national museum and provincial museums include a national arts institute, library, and artists' village; also local classical, open air, and artists' pavilion museums. The report concludes that the African museum must be an on-going cultural event which gives new life and meaning to the cultural and artistic heritage. Although specific French-speaking countries, such as Cameroon, are used as examples, the document is applicable to all African countries. (KC)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).
Identifiers: Africa; Cameroon
Note: Paper presented at the Sub-Regional Seminar on the Use of Cultural Heritage in Education (Freetown, Sierra Leone, Africa, September 29-October 3, 1980). Some pages may be marginally legible. Originally written in French.