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ERIC Number: ED230299
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Mother-Child Interaction, Comprehension of Emotion, and Sharing Behavior in Toddlers.
Levitt, Mary J.; And Others
To determine whether toddlers who experienced mutually responsive patterns of interchange with their mothers would be more likely to respond to the need of a peer than those who did not experience such interchange, 20 children with a mean age of 32 months were observed in pairs, with their mothers present, in structured and unstructured settings. In the structured situation, children could see one another but were separated by a gate. One child was given four age-appropriate toys; the other child was given none. If a child with toys did not share spontaneously after 4 minutes, the mother was signaled to encourage sharing. The toys were then removed from the first child and a matched set was given to the second child for 5 minutes. Ten minutes of free interaction followed. Interactive reciprocity data collected when the children were 9 to 12 months of age and a concurrent indicator of mother/child reciprocity were employed, involving six tasks varying in difficulty. Schematic drawings of faces with a happy or sad expression were used prior to the sharing situation to assess comprehension of emotion. Contrary to expectations, none of the children shared spontaneously in the presence of the barrier, even though toy-deprived children would often stand at the gate watching the child with the toys. A toddler's willingness to share at the mother's request was influenced by reciprocity within the mother/child dyad. Mother/child reciprocity was also related to the child's comprehension of emotional expression. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Facial Expressions; Reciprocity (Communication); Sharing Behavior; Toddlers
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (50th, Detroit, MI, April 21-24, 1983.)