ERIC Number: ED230292
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Changes in Friendship During a School Year.
Hoyle, Sally G.
Results are reported from two studies examining stability and change in children's friendships within the context of two theoretical perspectives: cognitive-developmental and ecological. A total of 112 first- and fourth-grade children participated in the first study; 114 fourth- and eighth-grade children participated in the second. In the fall and spring of the school year, children were asked to name their friends and rate their liking for other children in their grade. For the primary measure of friendship, pairs of friends were identified by a combination of best-friend nominations and ratings of liking on a five-point scale. A second measure of friendship was based on reciprocal best-friend nominations. For this measure, children were identified as friends if they named each other as best friends, regardless of their ratings of liking for others. In general, results from both studies indicated that the stability of friendships did not increase between first and eighth grade, although it did increase regularly between first and fourth. The interplay between cognitive and ecological factors is considered to be a possible explanation for these results. (MP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Stability (Social Relationships)
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (50th, Detroit, MI, April 21-24, 1983).