ERIC Number: ED229969
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Use of Restitution and Time-Out for Destructive Behavior in Emotionally Disturbed Children.
Swartz, Stanley L.; And Others
The use of restitution (requiring the child to compensate for damage he/she causes) and timeout for destructive behavior was investigated with 21 emotionally disturbed children (9 to 13 years old) in a residential school and treatment program. Staff were instructed to interrupt destructive behavior as quickly as possible and use the restitution procedure whenever feasible. Timeout was implemented if necessary. Analysis of observations revealed that the use of restitution with 144 incidents of destructive behavior resulted in seven subsequent destructive behavior incidents, repesenting a reoccurrence rate of 4.8 percent. Timeout, used for 67 incidents, resulted in 30 subsequent destructive behavior episodes, reflecting a 44.7 percent reoccurrence rate. Staff choice between the two procedures apparently reflected the available time. Student reaction appeared to consider restitution as a matter of justice while timeout tended to be seen as punishment. (CL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Western Illinois Univ., Macomb. Coll. of Education.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual International Convention of The Council for Exceptional Children (61st, Detroit, MI, April 4-8, 1983).