ERIC Number: ED229774
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The American "New Journalism" and the Europeans.
American "New Journalism" of the 1880s and 1890s--a blend of the popular press and the elite political and literary journal creating a comprehensive general interest newspaper that informed, entertained, and editorialized on politics--became the model for the modern daily newspaper in the Western World. The American emphasis on news and the extensive use of the interview, human interest story, enterprise reporting and big headlines were soon seen in the major European newspapers. These American influences grew out of developments in the American Midwest and in New York City through the efforts of James Gordon Bennett, Jr., Joseph Pulitzer, and William Randolph Hearst. In spite of resistance from French and British editors and publishers, Bennett successfully introduced an American style newspaper in France, and Alfred Harmsworth adapted the American style for British readers. In the first years of the twentieth century, there was a great deal of cross-Atlantic employment in both directions, and European journalists became better acquainted with the American press. They thought that the American press was newsy and enterprising, but that it might be toned down a bit. By this time Americans were conducting their own bitter campaign against the excesses of "yellow journalism," but the modern direction was already set. At the start of World War I, journalists were working out a set of standards and a code of ethics that would encourage journalistic responsibility without ignoring the readers' interest in a good story. (HTH)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Europe; Journalism History
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (66th, Corvallis, OR, August 6-9, 1983).