ERIC Number: ED229771
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: 0
A Writing Program for Elementary-Aged Children Who Have English as a Second Language.
To help provide writing instruction to elementary school children who are taught English as a second language, a writing project was designed for three ESL students: a third grader from Japan, a fourth grader from Costa Rica, and a fifth grader from Indonesia. The goals of the project were to help the students find writing to be enjoyable and interesting, increase fluency in writing, expand their vocabularies, and through instruction in the "five ways of thinking" gain an increased awareness of the different purposes for writing and the need to vary style accordingly. The writing activities in the five categories, defined by Mina Shaughnessy, were (1) this is what happened; (2) this is the look (sound, smell, or feel) of something; (3) this is like (or unlike) this; (4) this (may have/probably/certainly) caused this; and (5) this is what ought to be done. In addition to these activities, students did time-writings during each of the biweekly sessions. Four pre- and post-tests were given to determine the effects of the program on students' writing abilities. These tests were designed to elicit narrative, expressive, explanatory, and persuasive writing. Results showed that the children improved markedly in syntactic fluency, verbal fluency, and ability to express a specific purpose in writing. In the time-writings, consistent sequential growth in verbal and syntactic fluency throughout the semester was not demonstrated, but variation in style according to purpose of writing was evidenced. (Appendixes include sample time-writings and sample writing drafts for each of the three students.) (HOD)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Masters Theses; Reports - Descriptive; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Writing Programs
Note: M.A. Thesis, Washington State University.