ERIC Number: ED229756
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: 0
Revision Strategies of Basic and Competent Writers as They Write for Different Audiences.
Monahan, Brian D.
To describe systematically the revision strategies of basic and competent writers, eight twelfth grade students were asked to write for two different audiences--their teachers and their peers. Each subject met with the investigator for five sessions of one hour each. The first session was devoted to providing the subjects with training in a composing aloud procedure. During the second session, the subjects were asked to write a composition on the topic, "A Needed Change in the School Cafeteria," with the teacher as audience. During session three the next day, subjects revised or redrafted their compositions. During sessions four and five, approximately two weeks later, the subjects repeated the procedure for sessions two and three, using an equivalent topic, "A Needed Change in T.V. Programming," but directed to a different audience--the students' peers. An intensive analysis of the composing/revising processes of two selected subjects was made, and an overview of all eight subjects supported the conclusion that the students designated as competent writers made more revisions than the students designated as basic writers. Although both groups made most of their changes at the word and surface levels, the competent writers were more likely to make changes at the clause, sentence, and paragraph levels. Basic writers made more revisions for the teacher audience while the competent writers made more revisions for the peer audience. Although the basic writers used the same revision strategies as the competent writers, they used many of these strategies less often. (HOD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Audience Awareness; Basic Writing