ERIC Number: ED229720
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Metadiscourse: What It Is and How It Is Used in School and Non-School Social Science Texts. Technical Report No. 273.
Metadiscourse can be classified into two types: informational and attitudinal. Informational metadiscourse directs readers to an understanding of the primary message by referring to its content and structure or to the author's purposes or goals. Attitudinal metadiscourse directs readers to an understanding of the author's perspective toward the content or structure of the primary discourse. A study of the metadiscourse in nine school social science texts and nine nonschool social science texts was made to examine differences (1) in the amount and types of metadiscourse used by social science writers in materials used for school and nonschool purposes, (2) in the amount and types of metadiscourse used in social science textbooks across grade levels, (3) among publishers of social science textbooks on the same grade level, and (4) in the amount and types of metadiscourse used by nontextbook social science writers who write for different audiences. All levels of school were represented with the textbooks--early elementary, middle school, junior high, high school, and college. Results showed that nontextbooks used more informational metadiscourse than did textbooks, but the differences were not large. However, nontextbooks used almost twice as much attitudinal metadiscourse as did textbooks. (Examples of metadiscourse from the textbooks and teachers' manuals are critiqued.) (HOD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana. Center for the Study of Reading.; Bolt, Beranek and Newman, Inc., Cambridge, MA.