ERIC Number: ED229676
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Review and Extension of the What-Is-Beautiful-Is-Good Hypothesis: Inclusion of Machiavellianism.
Martinez, Daniel C.; And Others
Although attractive people are often assumed to have many socially desirable characteristics, observers also attribute certain negative traits to them (i.e., more snobbish, more materialistic, more likely to be unfaithful). To examine whether unattractive people would be seen as more machiavellian (having more negative traits) and whether observers with low machiavellian scores (low machs) would rate attractive and unattractive photographs differently than high machs in terms of machiavellianism, psychology students (N=101) rated photographs of women aged 18-25 as well as a brief "biography" of the photo subject using two machiavellian scales. Analyses of results showed that unattractive people were not viewed as more machiavellian. However, high machs gave similar mach scores to the attractive and the unattractive photos, while the low machs discriminated more. Data indicated that negative stereotypes of attractive people are moderated by dispositional factors in the observers, i.e., sex, authoritarianism and machiavellianism. (WAS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (90th, Washington, DC, August 23-27, 1982).