ERIC Number: ED229608
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: 0
Private Rules in Career Decision Making. Special Publications Series No. 38.
Krumboltz, John D.
People learn a set of private rules or beliefs, which they use to make career decisions. The use of unfounded beliefs or inappropriate rules causes people to fail to recognize that a remediable problem exists, to fail to exert needed effort, to fail to generate potentially satisfying alternatives, to choose poor alternatives, and to suffer anxiety over the inability to achieve goals. Troublesome career development beliefs are based on faulty generalizations, self-comparison with a single standard, exaggerated estimates of the emotional impact of an outcome, false causal relationships, ignorance of relevant facts, undue weight given to low probability events, and self-deception. Five major ways in which evidence about beliefs, thoughts, and thinking processes can be collected are interviews, reconstruction of prior events, records of thought samples, inferences from behavior, and psychometric instruments. Evidence obtained from these samples of thinking may be used to identify thoughts at the root of problem behavior by examining assumptions and presuppositions of the expressed belief, looking for inconsistencies between words and behavior, testing simplistic answers for inadequacies, confronting barriers to stated goals, challenging the validity of key beliefs, and building a feeling of trust and cooperation. (YLB)
Descriptors: Beliefs, Career Development, Career Education, Career Planning, Decision Making, Individual Differences, Values
National Center Publications, National Center for Research in Vocational Education, 1960 Kenny Road, Columbus, OH 43210 (SN38, $5.75).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.