ERIC Number: ED229590
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Jul
Reference Count: 0
The Study Circle: A Practical Scandinavian Pedagogy.
Orsak, Charles G., Jr.
Study circles have been an inexpensive, practical method of adult education in Scandinavia since their formal introduction in Sweden in 1902. From their origins in political and union ideas, they have been developed through a network of organizations which sponsor them on all different subjects. A study circle is a group of people with a common interest who meet to study any topic. A specially trained facilitator/leader stimulates discussion. Instead of merely conveying knowledge or a skill, study circles furnish a broader understanding of a subject, contribute towards the participants' personal development, and provide practical experience in cooperation with others. The study circle usually has a professionally prepared study guide designed to allow for participants to decide the pace and direction of work and their level of aspiration. Study circle activities have been subsidized by the government in the Scandinavian countries, where they have been found to be of value in three areas: politics, vocational training, and study and enrichment. While the term "study circle" may be new to the United States, the activity is not. The Study Circle Consortium has been formed to encourage and promote the study circle as a method of adult education in this country. (YLB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Scandinavia; Study Circles