ERIC Number: ED229548
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Structuring an Adult Learning Environment. Part IV: Establishing an Environment for Problem Solving.
Frankel, Alan; Brennan, James
Through the years, many researchers have advanced theories of problem solving. Probably the best definition of problem solving to apply to adult learning programs is Wallas' (1926) four-stage theory. The stages are (1) a preparation, (2) an incubation period, (3) a moment of illumination, and (4) final application or verification of the solution. The four stages proposed by Wallas can serve as the foundation for building a supportive learning environment that will allow for creativity and problem solving for adults returning to learning situations. Such an approach has been tried in the Psychology 100 course at Mercy College (Dobbs Ferry, New York). In this course, a case is presented before the class and the steps of problem solving are used to find solutions to the conflict or problem in the case. Emphasis is placed on generating multiple possible solutions instead of looking for the one right answer. It is felt that this approach will carry over to other courses and help the adult learners to solve learning problems. This supportive approach to adult learners may enhance their chances for success and the college's chances to retain them as students. (KC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Mercy College NY; Wallas (G)
Note: Paper presented at the Western College Reading Association Conference (Portland, OR, March 1983). For related documents, see ED 199 658, ED 210 624, and ED 216 196.