ERIC Number: ED229417
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Unrealistic Simulation Approach for Measuring Problem-Solving Skills of Medical Students.
Benor, Dan E.
Hypothesis generation has been proven to be a crucial phase in the clinical inquiry. The current instruments for measuring clinical problem-solving skills, however, are unable to differentially assess the hypothesis generating ability. For assessing this particular capability a new test is described. It is based upon exposing the examinee to an unrealistic, hypothetical, and thus unfamiliar context. A wide range of alternative data are presented, from which the examinee is required to choose those which fit his or her hypothesis, avoiding internal inconsistencies. Construct validation, both discriminant and convergent is presented, demonstrating independence of the test on the depth of the knowledge of the content areas from which it is derived; at the same time achieving significant correlation with the scores on patient-management-problems (PMP). This later correlation increases as the PMP further diverges from the recognizable reality. Some variations of the "unrealistic simulation approach" are proposed. These may correspond with the various stages in the medical education. It is suggested that this test be used as a supplementary to the PMPs. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Content Validity; Hypothesis Formulation; Hypothetic Organism Test; Israel
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (67th, Montreal, Quebec, April 11-15, 1983).