ERIC Number: ED229412
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Distribution of Working Memory Capacity in Reading.
Wagner, James; Allan, Gerri
Thirty grade 4 subjects were individually tested on a digit span test of working memory capacity (Case and Kurland) and the Reading Span Test (Daneman and Carpenter). The Reading Span Test was administered using sentences at a grade 2, grade 4, and grade 6 reading level. It was predicted that, as the decoding demands of the stimulus sentences in the Reading Span Test were increased, the amount of working memory capacity available for other reading tasks such as comprehension would decrease relative to a subject's working memory span as measured on the digit span test. This hypothesis was confirmed , providing support for the predictions of the LaBerge and Samuels model of learning to read. The results further support the Case, Kurland and Goldberg argument that working memory capacity is a function of the interaction between the amount of central capacity required for processing operations and the amount of working memory capacity left over for storage. However, these conclusions need to be qualified by the observation that sentence reading time and word meaning knowledge were not controlled in this study. (Author/PN)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Count the Spots Test (Case and Kurland); Digit Span Test (Case and Kurland); Gates MacGinitie Reading Tests; Ontario; Reading Span Test (Daneman and Carpenter)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (67th, Montreal, Quebec, April 11-15, 1983).