ERIC Number: ED229224
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
China: Demographic Billionaire.
Tien, H. Yuan
Population Bulletin, v38 n2 Apr 1983
This document reviews China's population trends and policies since the People's Republic was founded in 1949. Areas addressed include: population growth before 1949, population growth from 1949-1982, and policy responses to population growth (including wan xi shao: later marriages, longer intervals between birth, and fewer children); mortality reduction; fertility; age/sex composition; marriage; ethnic minorities; education and illiteracy; quality via eugenics; population distribution and policy (urban distribution growth and current urbanization policy); family planning programs (from wan xi shao to one child, from voluntarism to incentives, and one-child campaign results); and current issues and outlook. Selected findings follow. The 1.008 billion July 1982 census total was nearly double the some 540 million population of 1949. Stressing late marriages, long birth intervals, and a two-child family helped halve the reported birth rate from 33.61/1000 population in 1970 to 17.9 in 1979 when the one-child-per-couple drive was launched to counter the impact of the arrival at marrying ages of the large 1960s baby boom generation. Barriers to the one-child family are persistent male preference, inadequate public support for the elderly, high one-child benefit costs, and the new agricultural responsibility system which makes children again valuable as contributors to family income. (Author/JN)
Descriptors: Age, Birth Rate, Demography, Family Planning, Foreign Countries, Infant Mortality, Marriage, Minority Groups, Policy, Population Distribution, Population Education, Population Growth, Population Trends, Sex
Population Reference Bureau, Inc., 2213 "M" Street, NW, Washington, DC 20037. Circulation Department ($3.00 per copy; 2-10, $2.30 ea.; 11-50, $1.90 ea.; 51 or more, $1.50 ea.).
Publication Type: Reports - General; Collected Works - Serials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Population Reference Bureau, Inc., Washington, DC.