ERIC Number: ED229160
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Script Development and Memory Organization.
Adams, Lea T.; Worden, Patricia E.
The development of scripts and their use for guiding memory was examined in children ages 3 to 5 and 7 to 9. In the first phase of the study, 10 preschool children and 10 elementary school students were asked to describe three scripts related to everyday life. Scripts were analyzed to determine whether any differences existed between those of younger and older children. It was found that older children generated longer scripts and that there was little overlap in script items across age groups. In the second phase, "typicality ratings" for script items were obtained. Ten new subjects from each age group were trained to use a four-point scale, on which typicality of script items was expressed in terms of frequency of occurrence. The fact that most items were rated similarly by both age groups is strong evidence that differences exibited in the first phase were due to verbal ability rather than to the structure of the scripts themselves. The third phase investigated how information considered atypical or irrelevant to the script was remembered. Test stories were constructed using the typicality rating information from the second phase; results indicated that, while children of both age groups were poor at discriminating typical items, elementary school children showed dramatically better rejection of atypical distractors than did preschoolers. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Atypicality; Scripts (Knowledge Structures); Stimulus Characteristics
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Detroit, MI, April 21-24, 1983). Best copy available.