ERIC Number: ED228677
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Sexual Harassment as Discrimination: Guidelines for Effective Responses.
Stewart, Lea P.
Sexual harassment is not an isolated phenomenon and should, therefore, not be studied in isolation. Sexual harassment is a form of discrimination and can be studied from a theoretical framework that addresses discrimination. In analyzing sexual harassment as a form of discrimination, it is important to distinguish between prejudice (an attitude) and discrimination (a behavior). A conceptual model can be drawn for the behavior of sexual harassment and the attitude of sexism. Such a model shows that the nonsexist nonharasser or nonsexist exhibits consistent attitudes and behavior. Such a person is not prejudiced against women and treats them accordingly. Nonsexist sexual harassers or naive sexists, although nonsexist, may participate in sexual harassment, or at least not condemn others who participate in sexual harassment because it is institutionally or personally expedient. Sexist nonharassers or closet sexists believe many of the sexist stereotypes about women but in most cases do not act on their beliefs. Sexist harassers or open sexists openly express their beliefs and practice active harassment. Nonsexists and closet sexists present few problems. Neither group is likely to sexually harass women in organizations. An effective strategy against the naive sexist's behavior is direct confrontation, unless the behavior is encouraged by social pressure. The best that can be expected from an open sexist is to change him into a closet sexist. A harasser whose attitudes are sexist should be dealt with differently than a harasser whose attitudes are not sexist. (HOD)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Theory Development
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Communication, Language, and Gender Conference (5th, Athens, OH, October 15-16, 1982).