ERIC Number: ED228426
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Feb
Reference Count: 0
The Philosophical Foundations of Lifelong Learning.
The current lifelong learning movement, the new force toward global education, owes much to the League of Nations and the United Nations that sponsored an expanded multiracial "polis." Its philosophical foundations go back, however, to ancient China, India, and especially Greece, where philosophers and scientists got their creative stimulus from the environment of the polis. In Greece the ideals of lifelong learning were first fully expressed in the concept of paideia, an educational effort pursued beyond the years of schooling and lasting throughout life. The first signs of lifelong learning were Homer's paideia that was strengthened during the following centuries with the teachings of the pre-Socratic philosophers, writers, and poets--from Hesiod and Heraclitus to Theognis and Pindar. The concept was further enhanced by prudent policies and legislation (i.e., Solon, Chilon, and Periander) as well as the teachings of the sophists and philosophers within an atmosphere of freedom. Lifelong learning as an expression of paideia then reached its peak during the classical period (fifth to fourth century B.C.) and turned Greece into the paideusis of the world. Factors that enhanced the growth of paideia were freedom of speech, freedom from poverty, and freedom from governmental mismanagement. The lack or loss of such factors impeded its functioning. (YLB)
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Greece (Ancient); Paideia
Note: Presented at the Lifelong Learning Research Conference (5th, College Park, MD, February 17-18, 1983).