ERIC Number: ED228333
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Utilizing Regression Methodology to Investigate the Effects of Volunteer Aides on Student Achievement.
Holzmiller, Robert J.; And Others
The purpose of this study was to (1) ascertain the perceptions of teachers using volunteer aides and (2) to investigate the effect of the use of volunteer aides on student achievement when comparing anticipated achievement with actual academic achievement. The population included elementary school teachers and 169 student from 2 elementary schools in Arizona's Sahuarita Unified School District No. 30. Teachers were given an opinion questionnaire constructed to indicate teacher effectiveness as a result of using volunteer aides. The mean scores of teacher responses were graphically illustrated on a profile chart. Classrooms of students were selected, one from each grade level, 2 to 5, and were administered the Short Form Test of Academic Aptitude and the California Achievement Test. From the data collected, linear regressions utilizing residuals were graphically constructed for each class of students in the control and experimental groups. Significant levels of student achievement were noted based on analysis of variance of potential vs. performance. Aptitude, sex, and ethnic background did not significantly affect the outcome of any findings. Volunteer aides did enhance teacher effectiveness and increased student achievement in the areas of reading and grammar on all grade levels irrespective of aptitude, sex, and ethnicity. (Author/PN)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: California Achievement Tests; Short Form Test of Academic Aptitude; Teacher Opinion Questionnaire (Holzmiller)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the California Educational Research Association (61st, Sacramento, CA, November 18-19, 1982).