ERIC Number: ED228308
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Use of Classroom Environment Instruments in Person-Environment Fit Research.
Fraser, Barry J.
A comprehensive and rigorous investigation of the person-environment fit hypothesis that students achieve better in their preferred environment is described. The design of this study included four notable features. First, the student outcome domain included a comprehensive range of six affective and three cognitive outcomes. Second, classroom environment was measured with the five scales contained in the Individualized Classroom Environment Questionnaire (ICEQ) and the nine scales which make up an instrument called the Classroom Environment Scale (CES). Third, the sample size of 116 junior high school classes was large and permitted use of the class mean as the unit of statistical analysis where this was considered appropriate. Fourth, it provided a methodological improvement in that it made use of regression surface analysis to provide a powerful multivariate method of statistical analysis which enabled person-environment interactions to be represented as the products of continuous variables. Results confirmed that students achieved better where there was a greater similarity between the actual classroom environment and that preferred by students. To facilitate future research in the area of classroom environment, attention is given to describing the ICEQ and CES and reporting the impressive validation data obtained with the present sample of 116 classes. (Author/PN)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Australian Education Research and Development Committee, Canberra.
Authoring Institution: Western Australian Inst. of Tech., Perth.
Identifiers: Australia; Classroom Environment Scale (Trickett and Moos); Individualized Classroom Environment Questionnaire; Person Fit Measures