ERIC Number: ED228307
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Test Fairness Is a Personal Issue!
Smith, Richard M.
Previous studies of test item bias have investigated how different groups of examinees perform differently on a given set of items. These studies imply that examinees should be treated in a certain way because they are of a particular sex or race rather than as individuals in their own right, but it is unrealistic and unfair to assume such an action is appropriate for every member of a group. Recent developments in psychometrics make it possible to consider each person, regardless of race or sex, as a unique population measureable only on those items which are "fair" for that individual. This study presents techniques for assessing whether and to what degree an individual was measured unfairly by a set of items. These techniques were applied to a sample from the statewide administration of the New Jersey College Basic Skills Test. The analysis determined the number of examinees in various subgroups who were not measured fairly and identified items which caused particular trouble. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: New Jersey College Basic Skills Placement Test; Rasch Model
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Council on Measurement in Education (Montreal, Quebec, April 12-14, 1983).