ERIC Number: ED228145
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Oct-8
Reference Count: 0
Women and Rapid Economic Change: The Alaska Case.
Thomas, Monica E.
The Trans Alaska Oil Pipeline project and accompanying increases in economic wealth have had an enormous impact, particularly on Alaskan women. Prior to pipeline construction, the civilian labor force participation by Alaskan women was close to the national average. During and since pipeline construction, this participation rate has soared. Despite this increase, historical employment patterns persist; Alaskan women are disproportionately working in clerical and service jobs. However, Alaska women are currently pursuing higher education at an accelerating rate. Current statistics from the University of Alaska (Fairbanks) reveal that women comprise not only a higher percentage of total students, but also a higher percentage of graduates. Further statistics reveal a disproportionate concentration of females in the upper and lower age brackets and a birth rate 50 percent above the national average. As a result of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act, the approximately 15,000 Native women are just beginning to exert influence beyond their village environment. The many changes in Alaska will bring ever greater numbers of females into the labor force and into the state-wide decision-making process. (KC)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Alaska; Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act 1972
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Joint Council on Economic Education (Kansas City, MO, October 8, 1982).