ERIC Number: ED228139
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Reference Count: 0
The Public Looks at Foreign Policy: A Report from Five Cities.
Robinson, John P.; Holm, John D.
The document examines the American public stand on foreign policy and explores the extent of citizen support for six basic foreign policy orientations--anti-Communism, internationalism, democracy, isolationism, interventionism, and self-interest. The extent of public support within these orientations among subgroups in the populace is also explored to see if age, education, and geographic location affect orientations. Major purposes are (1) to show how far the topics being debated among foreign policy experts have filtered into public consciousness, and (2) to provide insight into the limits of public opinion within which attempts to redefine national objectives can be maneuvered. A cross section of 300 citizens in each of 5 cities--Pittsburgh, San Francisco, Portland, Minneapolis, and Milwaukee--were interviewed by telephone. Findings show that the public still supports an activist posture toward the rest of the world, i.e., trade with the Soviet Union, aid to Third World countries, and secret spying on other countries but stopping short of covert intervention in internal affairs of other countries. People under age 25 are far less cold-war-oriented in their views of the world than older people. Local "elites" in terms of educational attainment and occupational position differ widely from the rest of the public, being much less concerned about the threat of communism and far more supportive of an expanded world economy. Appendices contain questions and responses by city, tables showing differences in foreign policy attitudes by background factors, and perceptual maps of the world. (RM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Charles F. Kettering Foundation, Dayton, OH.
Authoring Institution: Cleveland State Univ., OH. Communication Research Center.