ERIC Number: ED228116
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Critical Thinking and Political Participation: The Development and Assessment of a Causal Model.
Guyton, Edith M.
An assessment of a four-stage conceptual model reveals that critical thinking has indirect positive effects on political participation through its direct effects on personal control, political efficacy, and democratic attitudes. The model establishes causal relationships among selected personality variables (self-esteem, personal control, and political efficacy), critical thinking, democratic attitude, and political participation. A total of 118 undergraduate and graduate students were given a series of instruments to measure these variables. Data were analyzed using path analysis to determine direct and indirect relationships among the variables. Critical thinking positively affects personal control, political efficacy, and democratic attitude. Political efficacy and democratic attitude positively affect political participation. Personal control has a strong direct effect on political efficacy. Thus, critical thinking is significantly related to political participation. The implications are that the teaching of critical thinking should be a major focus of citizenship education. Copies of measurement instruments and statistical tables are included. (KC)
Descriptors: Citizen Participation, Citizenship Education, Critical Thinking, Democratic Values, Educational Objectives, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Individual Power, Models, Path Analysis, Personality Traits, Political Attitudes, Self Esteem, Social Science Research, Social Studies, Tables (Data)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Council for the Social Studies (Boston, MA, November 23-27, 1982). Appendix A may be marginally legible.