ERIC Number: ED228026
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Cuatro Modelos para Disenar Actividades de Capacitacion de Docentes (Four Models to Design In-Service Teacher Training Activities).
Valle, Victor M.
In designing inservice teacher training activities, it is necessary to apply educational principles and teaching and learning techniques which are suitable for adult education programs. Four models for designing inservice teacher training programs are the Malcom Knowles Model, the Leonard Nadler Model, the Cyril O. Houle Model, and the William R. Tracey Model. Emphasizing a process that takes into account the learner participation in organizing the training activity, the Knowles Model consists of seven steps. Based on the "critical events" of a training process, the Nadler Model focuses on the type of work which should be done by an individual. A fundamental characteristic of this model is that evaluation occurs at each step of the process. Including seven sequential points of decision-making, the Houle Model involves the first point reacting to the last point. Utilizing the "systems approach," the Tracey Model consists of 15 steps grouped into 3 categories: system needs, development, and validity. These four models are briefly described and illustrated with a diagram. For a more detailed description of each model, a bibliographic reference is provided. (Author/NQA)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Organization of American States, Washington, DC. Dept. of Educational Affairs.
Identifiers: Houle (Cyril O); Knowles (Malcolm S); Nadler (Leonard); Tracey (William R)
Note: For related documents, see ED 219 211-212 and RC 014 013-016.