ERIC Number: ED227950
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: 0
The Decline in Breastfeeding: An Analysis of the Role of the Nestle Corporation from Two Perspectives. Cornell International Nutrition Monograph Series, Number 11 (1982).
Campbell, Carolyn E.
An attempt is made to analyze the ascendancy of formula feeding of infants in terms of the conflicting ideologies of Marxism and capitalism. The decline of breastfeeding is traced, and is linked with the interrelated phenomena of free market economics and the domination of women by men in Western society. The monograph has two sections: a"mainstream" analysis and a Marxist analysis. The term "mainstream" means that the analysis does not attack capitalism. Mainstream criticism of the Nestle corporation is raised on two grounds. First, statements by Nestle claiming that the company has provided a necessary service are not supported by appropriate data. Second, bottle feeding is not "cost-effective" for poor people living in poor nations. The Marxist criticism emphasizes that the historical process of the development of the capitalist mode of production has been responsible for the widespread shift to bottle feeding. Specific topics addressed are the Nestle corporation and imperialism, the historical role of women in production and reproduction, the effects on women of transitions from primitive to state societies, women and the medical profession, the "commoditization" of motherhood and other relationships, imperialism and public health, and the "insufficient milk syndrome." (RH)
Descriptors: Birth, Capitalism, History, Imperialism, Infants, Marxian Analysis, Medical Services, Nutrition, Pregnancy, Public Health, Sex Bias
Dr. Michael C. Latham, Division of Nutritional Sciences, Savage Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (Paper, $3.00; make checks payable to Cornell University).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY. Div. of Nutritional Sciences.
Identifiers: Breast Milk Substitutes; Breastfeeding; Critical Analysis; Infant Formula; Nestle Corporation