ERIC Number: ED227681
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Interaction in the Classroom: Negotiated Roles and Meanings.
Kramsch, Claire J.
Research on communicative processes in classroom second language use is reviewed, and exercises for developing interactive skills and culturally appropriate conversational behavior are suggested. The inability of students to actively participate in the second language classroom is related less to deficient knowledge of form than to inability to manage the social and cultural context of classroom discourse. Traditional teacher and student roles give teachers complete control over communication, thus neglecting language used for natural communication. Exercises designed to encourage natural conversation in the high school or college classroom are described. The 19 exercises are built around three levels of increasing complexity: teacher and language oriented, partner centered, and topic/situation bound. They include such tasks as answering and addressing the teacher, constructing a topic through associations, addressing a fellow student, interrupting the lesson, capturing attention, showing understanding, asking for clarification, conducting an interview, and role playing conversations. (RW)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (New York, NY, November 25-27, 1982).