ERIC Number: ED227276
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Apprenticeship Programs and Cooperative Vocational Education. Can They Work Together for Special Needs Students? Technical Assistance Services: Illinois Special Needs Populations.
Cobb, R. Brian; Larkin, Dave
Apprenticeship is primarily a training activity, is administered by the United States Department of Labor, and is probably the oldest systematic form of employment preparation for youth in this country. Cooperative education (CWE), on the other hand, has as its focus an education (versus "training") philosophy, is administered by the Department of Education, and is one of the newest forms of occupational preparation that has been established in secondary and postsecondary schools. Although both of these programs serve students, apprenticeship programs have been inaccessible to women, minorities, and handicapped persons; vocational CWE, while more accessible, also has not met the needs of disabled students. Both for serving all youth and for helping special needs students, some changes should be made in these programs. Recommended changes include the following: (1) both programs should allow for earlier entrance ages based on individual needs; (2) junior and community colleges should be supported in efforts to begin CWE/apprenticeship programs articulated with similar programs on the secondary level; (3) various alternative programs for both apprenticeships and CWE should be tried on a community-to-community basis; and (4) both secondary and postsecondary schools need to be encouraged and reinforced for placing students in work environments depending upon individual requirements; special needs students should be included. (KC)
Descriptors: Apprenticeships, Articulation (Education), Cooperative Programs, Disabilities, Education Work Relationship, Educational Philosophy, Educational Planning, Exceptional Persons, Job Training, Mainstreaming, Policy Formation, Postsecondary Education, Program Improvement, Secondary Education, Special Education, Vocational Education, Work Experience Programs
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Illinois State Board of Education, Springfield. Dept. of Adult, Vocational and Technical Education.
Authoring Institution: Illinois State Univ., Normal.
Note: For related documents, see ED 206 836-839 and CE 035 304.