ERIC Number: ED227173
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Attribution of Success in College Women: Effort or Luck?
Powers-Alexander, Susan; And Others
Male and female applicants to traditionally masculine or feminine fields of study were rated by 518 college students regarding their attributions of the applicant's skill and of luck as a factor in the applicant's predicted success. A five factor analysis of variance with attitude towards feminism, sex of subject, sex of applicant, sex of field, and sex of attributes as the multiple independent variables, and dependent variables of skill and luck treated univariately was completed. For the perception of skill, females were biased in favor of male subjects and applicants described using masculine attributes. Both males and females attributed more skill to applicants entering fields of study that were nontraditional for their sex. The perception of luck was more variable with feminism beliefs of the rater impacting on attributions. The 70-item Attitude Inventory is included in Appendix A. (Author/PN)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Research Council.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Attitude Inventory; Bias in Attitude Survey; College Self Expression Scale; Effort; Luck; Masculinity Femininity Variable
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (67th, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, April 11-15, 1983).