ERIC Number: ED227169
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Role Appropriateness of Educational Fields: Bias in Selection.
Smith, Elizabeth P.; And Others
Bias towards women exists in the selection of applicants to professional and other positions. This research investigated the effects of two rater variables--sex and attitude toward women--and three applicant variables--sex, field (engineering-dietetics), and attributes--(feminine-masculine) upon ratings of competency and personal charm. Analyses yielded different significant effects for the two dependent variables. For competency, significant four-way (subject x feminism x field x attribute) and three-way (subject sex x feminism x applicant sex) interactions were found. For personal charm, a significant three-way (subject sex x applicant sex x field) interaction was found. Results indicate evaluations of applicants are a complex function of the sex and feminist attitudes of the raters as well as the sex, masculine or feminine attributes of the applicant, and gender appropriateness of the chosen field that may vary as a function of the criterion for evaluation. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Research Council.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Bias in Attitudes Survey; Personal Charm
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (67th, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, April 11-15, 1983).