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ERIC Number: ED227115
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Pages: 42
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Visualization Processes in Learning as a Function of Method of Presentation and Individual Differences. 1982:09.
Gustafsson, Jan-Eric
Starting with laboratory research on the suppression of visualization in reading, this study investigates effects of treatments (reading vs. listening and pictures vs. no pictures, in a 2x2 design) and aptitudes on the learning of verbal and spatial types of content. Approximately 100 fifth grade pupils were given a battery of four ability tests, learning materials dealing with the heart and the flow of blood, and immediate post-tests to assess acquisition of verbal and spatial aspects of the content. The Joreskog LISREL technique was used to analyze the main effects and interactions. It was found that acquisition of spatial content is superior in the audio-visual treatment, and that girls high in general ability perform better when listening than when reading. The results are interpreted in relation to research on visualization suppression and sex differences in lateralization of processing. (Author/PN)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Swedish Council for Research in the Humanities and Social Sciences, Stockholm.; National Swedish Board of Education, Stockholm.
Authoring Institution: Goteborg Univ., Molndal (Sweden). Dept. of Education.
Identifiers: LISREL Computer Program; Sweden