ERIC Number: ED227106
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Feb-25
Reference Count: 0
A Summary Report on the Educational Systems of the United States and the Soviet Union: Comparative Analysis. Revised.
Ailes, Catherine P.; Rushing, Francis W.
Education in the U.S.S.R. is much more strongly oriented toward the scientific and technical fields than is that of the United States. This may be an asset in the development of specialists with the ability to attain the short-term technological targets of the Soviet economic plan. However, the more flexible, theoretical, broader-based higher education system in the United States may produce specialists with an ability to innovate, with an ability to adapt to technological change, and with a greater latitude for interfield mobility as the demands of the economy change. A comparative analysis is presented of: (1) the structure of education in the two countries; (2) general education--elementary and secondary; (3) transition from incomplete to complete secondary education; (4) specialized secondary schools; (5) higher education; and (6) graduate training. A set of statistical tables providing a quantitative comparison of entrance, enrollment, and completion of the various stages in the educational process in the two countries is appended. (JD)
Descriptors: Admission Criteria, Comparative Analysis, Comparative Education, Educational Finance, Educational Objectives, Educational Quality, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Futures (of Society), Goal Orientation, Government Role, Higher Education, Policy Formation, Relevance (Education), Science Education
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Commission on Excellence in Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Identifiers: National Commission on Excellence in Education; United States; USSR (Russia)
Note: Paper presented at a Meeting of the National Commission on Excellence in Education (Washington, DC, February 25, 1982). Document originally prepared for the National Science Foundation.