ERIC Number: ED227095
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Nov-15
Reference Count: 0
Motivational Factors in School Achievement.
Maehr, Martin L.
A summary is presented of the literature on motivation relating to achievement in the classroom. Special attention is given to how values, ideology, and various cultural patterns may serve to enhance motivation to achieve in the classroom. In considering what determines motivation and personal investment in educational pursuits, the following factors are discussed: (1) individual personality; (2) teacher expectations; (3) dimensions of academic tasks; (4) sociocultural expectancies; and (5) family background and aspirations. Recent research on motivation and achievement provides discussion on the increasing emphasis being placed on judgments that the individual makes in relationship to perceived situations. Four components that figure prominently in motivation are discussed: (1) self-identity; (2) perceived autonomy and responsibility; (3) sense of direction; and (4) sense of competence. In the final section, certain conclusions are identified that may be useful in planning policy changes to improve schooling. (JD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Aspiration, Cultural Background, Elementary Secondary Education, Individual Development, Learning Motivation, Locus of Control, Parent Attitudes, Personality Traits, Self Concept, Social Influences, Social Values, Student Educational Objectives, Student Motivation, Technological Literacy
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Commission on Excellence in Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Identifiers: National Commission on Excellence in Education
Note: Paper presented at a Meeting of the Nationl Commission on Excellence in Education (Washington, DC, November 15, 1982).