ERIC Number: ED227070
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-May
Reference Count: 0
The American Freshman, 1966-1981: Some Implications for Educational Policy and Practice.
Astin, Alexander W.
Trends in the characteristics of students who go directly on to college after completing high school have been surveyed for the past l6 years. Findings on significant trends are cited and analyzed: (1) Students are less well prepared academically than entering students of 10 or 15 years ago. (2) Declining academic skill levels are reflected in the declining rate of college attendance among high school graduates (especially white males) and the sharp decline in student majors in mathematics and fields that require verbal skills. (3) Declining academic skills have been accompanied by declines in other areas of student competency and declining interest among male students in pursuing graduate study. (4) Today's students are more interested in business, engineering, and computer science, and less interested in education, social science, fine and performing arts, and the humanities. (5) Today's students are more materialistic, more interested in power and status, less altruistic, and less inclined to be concerned about social issues and problems. (6) Freshmen of today are substantially less liberal in their political identification than freshmen of 10 years ago. (7) Compared to earlier generations, today's female college students are more likely to be pursuing careers in business, medicine, law, and engineering, and significantly less likely to pursue careers in teaching and nursing. (8) There have been substantial increases in representation of women and disadvantaged minorities among entering freshmen. (JD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Commission on Excellence in Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Identifiers: National Commission on Excellence in Education