ERIC Number: ED226599
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: 0
Mixing, Switching, and Shift: A Case of Chinese-English Communication Development.
Poggi, Claudine D.
A case study is presented of the development of communication between two adults, one a native speaker of English and the other of Mandarin, over a 5-year period in Taiwan and the United States. Based on diary records, tapes, and letters, it was found that social changes in the couple's lives marked changes in their pattern of communication. Ten stages and four schemata of language use (based on speaker's target) were identified. Changes in second language abilities also occurred over time, and a broad picture emerged in which there was a general shift from Chinese to English as the language of primary use. During this evolutionary process, first an English-Chinese pidgin and later a more complex Chinese-English pidgin developed and then declined. Other patterns also appeared: mixing (the intra- and inter-sentential intermingling of native and second language features) and switching (a change in the target language during the course of a conversation). Influences on these patterns at specific states, as well as in particular social situations, are discussed, and a chart of stages shows changes in the second language abilities of the individuals over time. Second language abilities are also divided into listening/speaking and reading/writing and are based on a scale of 0-5. It is concluded that a chart of factors prepared for an individual learner can help guide both teacher and student in a formal language learning situation. (SW)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (16th, Honolulu, HI, May 1-6, 1982).