ERIC Number: ED226496
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: N/A
Educational Adequacy: A Concept in Search of Meaning.
Wise, Arthur E.
The concept of "educational adequacy" may have its origin in the U.S. Supreme Court's 1973 decision, San Antonio v. Rodriquez, that the state's responsibility is to provide not equal education but an "adequate minimum educational offering," so that students will have the "opportunity to acquire the basic minimal skills" necessary to citizenship. Subsequent decisions in state courts have also mentioned enabling children to compete in the marketplaces of labor and the intellect, but none of these definitions of educational adequacy has specified the standards by which state school financing plans or educational programs can be judged to have met the court-mandated objectives. The questions raised by the courts' definitions of adequacy revolve around two conflicting educational principles that schools traditionally seek to balance: the "best" principle, according to which each student is entitled to the education best for him or her, and the "equal" principle, according to which each student is entitled to an education at least equal to that provided other students. This document considers the issues central to implementing the courts' mandate, focusing particularly on school finance, educational equity, goal-setting and needs assessment responsibilities, the measurement and certification of educational adequacy, and intergovernmental issues. (Author/PGD)
Descriptors: Court Litigation, Definitions, Educational Equity (Finance), Educational Finance, Educational Needs, Educational Objectives, Educational Principles, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education, Government Role, Legal Responsibility, State Standards
Not available separately; see EA 015 442.
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Educational Adequacy
Note: In: Adequate Education: Issues in Its Definition and Implementation. School Finance Project, Working Papers, p110-24.