ERIC Number: ED226461
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Cognitive Profile: Increasing Student Performance.
Letteri, Charles A.
Past and ongoing research on cognition indicates that its effects on academic achievement are more direct than those of environmental, affective, or behavioral factors. The research has analyzed cognitive factors, the remediation of cognitive differences, and the transferability of remediation practices. Other cognition researchers have focused on single dimensions of cognitive controls--that is, people's information processing habits. The present researchers instead have focused on seven cognitive control dimensions, including reflective-impulsive, scanning, analytic/global, breadth of category, tolerance for ambiguity, leveling/sharpening, and complexity. By constructing a "cognitive profile" based on bipolar aspects of the seven dimensions, the researchers identified three types of cognitive profiles and found that the types differentiated students by grade level and also predicted achievement and allowed the tracking of grade-level differences through time. Studies of experimental and control groups from the two lower profile types suggest that strategies and materials can remediate cognitive problems and move students into the top cognitive profile type. Other studies indicate that mothers' cognitive profiles are related to those of their children below age 6 but not for those above age 8. (RW)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Cognitive Controls
Note: Paper presented at the National Association of Secondary School Principals Institute (Nashville, TN, November 11-13, 1982).