ERIC Number: ED226411
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Leadership Effectiveness in Cooperative and Counteracting Groups.
Isherwood, Geoffrey B.
Leadership effectiveness is related to leadership behavior in two types of situations, cooperative and counteractive. In cooperative situations, participants form an interactive group to solve a problem and usually develop shared goals. The leader decides whether to form a cooperative group, defines participants' level of involvement in decision-making (which can be authoritative, collegial, or consensus), and uses various problem-solving strategies. In a counteractive or conflict situation, distinct parties have different goals and tend to form coalitions, while party leaders seek bargaining power to have their subgroup goals met. In such a "political" situation leaders use political leadership behavior. Effective leaders, then, use the leadership behavior congruent with the situation: consensus behavior in cooperative situations and political behavior in counteractive situations. However, leaders can also try to alter the situation, for instance by trying to make a political situation into a cooperative one. (Author/RW)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Consensus; Situational Leadership Theory
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Congress of Applied Psychology (20th, Edinburgh, Scotland, July 24-30, 1982).